HOURS WORKED THIS WEEK:
28th Jan to 02nd Feb .................................................................................................................................... 13 hrs
Completed work on all links on website and made changes the html coding of the links and how they appear on the website.
Searched for and found organizations who run programs offering support to victims of human trafficking.
This was a very interesting and time consuming exercise in that I found in excess of 40 organizations. At first thinking that I could list and link all of them to our website, but remembering the integrity that I wished to uphold thought that it might be better to read and truly understand what each organization did. I discovered that for many the primary goal is the collection of funds and felt that this website did not wish to promote that at this stage as it is a university project for now.
Information on History of Slavery Page was taken from the following:
Abraham Lincoln, a self-taught Illinois lawyer and legislator with a reputation as an eloquent opponent of slavery, shocked many when he overcame several more prominent contenders to win the Republican Party's nomination for president in 1860. His election that November pushed several Southern states to secede by the time of his inauguration in March 1861, and the Civil War began barely a month later. Contrary to expectations, Lincoln proved to be a shrewd military strategist and a savvy leader during what became the costliest conflict ever fought on American soil. His Emancipation Proclamation, issued in 1863, freed all slaves in the rebellious states and paved the way for slavery's eventual abolition, while his Gettysburg Address later that year stands as one of the most famous and influential pieces of oratory in American history. In April 1865, with the Union on the brink of victory, Abraham Lincoln was shot and killed by the Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth; his untimely death made him a martyr to the cause of liberty and Union. Over the years Lincoln's mythic stature has only grown, and he is widely regarded as one of the greatest presidents in the nation's history.
On this day in 1809, Abraham Lincoln is born in Hodgenville, Kentucky.
Lincoln, one of America's most admired presidents, grew up a member of a poor family in Kentucky and Indiana. He attended school for only one year, but thereafter read on his own in a continual effort to improve his mind. As an adult, he lived in Illinois and performed a variety of jobs including stints as a postmaster, surveyor and shopkeeper, before entering politics. He served in the Illinois legislature from 1834 to 1836, and then became an attorney. In 1842, Lincoln married Mary Todd; together, the pair raised four sons.
Lincoln returned to politics during the 1850s, a time when the nation's long-standing division over slavery was flaring up, particularly in new territories being added to the Union. As leader of the new Republican Party, Lincoln was considered politically moderate, even on the issue of slavery. He advocated the restriction of slavery to the states in which it already existed and described the practice in a letter as a minor issue as late as 1854. In an 1858 senatorial race, as secessionist sentiment brewed among the southern states, he warned, a house divided against itself cannot stand. He did not win the Senate seat but earned national recognition as a strong political force. Lincoln's inspiring oratory soothed a populace anxious about southern states' secessionist threats and boosted his popularity.
As a presidential candidate in the election of 1860, Lincoln tried to reassure slaveholding interests that although he favored abolition, he had no intention of ending the practice in states where it already existed and prioritized saving the Union over freeing slaves. When he won the presidency by approximately 400,000 popular votes and carried the Electoral College, he was in effect handed a ticking time bomb. His concessions to slaveholders failed to prevent South Carolina from leading other states in an exodus from the Union that began shortly after his election. By February 1, 1861, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas had also seceded. Soon after, the Civil War began. As the war progressed, Lincoln moved closer to committing himself and the nation to the abolitionist movement and, in 1863, finally signed the Emancipation Proclamation. The document freed slaves in the Confederate states, but did not address the legality of slavery in Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska or Arkansas.
Lincoln was the tallest president at 6' 4. As a young man, he impressed others with his sheer physical strength--he was a legendary wrestler in Illinois--and entertained friends and strangers alike with his dry, folksy wit, which was still in evidence years later. Exasperated by one Civil War military defeat after another, Lincoln wrote to a lethargic general if you are not using the army I should like to borrow it for awhile. An animal lover, Lincoln once declared, "I care not for a man's religion whose dog and cat are not the better for it." Fittingly, a variety of pets took up residence at the Lincoln White House, including a pet turkey named Jack and a goat called Nanko. Lincoln's son Tad frequently hitched Nanko to a small wagon and drove around the White House grounds.
Lincoln's sense of humor may have helped him to hide recurring bouts of depression. He admitted to friends and colleagues that he suffered from intense melancholia and hypochondria most of his adult life. Perhaps in order to cope with it, Lincoln engaged in self-effacing humor, even chiding himself about his famously homely looks. When an opponent in an 1858 Senate race debate called him two-faced, he replied, If I had another face do you think I would wear this one?
Lincoln is remembered as The Great Emancipator. Although he waffled on the subject of slavery in the early years of his presidency, his greatest legacy was his work to preserve the Union and his signing of the Emancipation Proclamation. To Confederate sympathizers, however, Lincoln's signing of the Emancipation Proclamation reinforced his image as a hated despot and ultimately led John Wilkes Booth to assassinate him on April 14, 1865. His favorite horse, Old Bob, pulled his funeral hearse.
FOUND THE 9/11 REFORM ACT:
[House Hearing, 109 Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]
THE 9/11 REFORM ACT: EXAMINING
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HUMAN
SMUGGLING AND TRAFFICKING CENTER
THE 9/11 REFORM ACT: EXAMINING
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HUMAN SMUGGLING AND TRAFFICKING CENTER
Wednesday, March 8, 2006
U.S. House of Representatives,
Committee on Homeland Security,
Subcommittee on Management,
Integration and Oversight, Washington, DC.
The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 2:30 p.m., in
Room 311, Cannon House Office Building, Hon. Mike Rogers [chairman of the subcommittee] presiding.
Present: Representatives Rogers, Harris, Reichert, Meek,
Jackson-Lee, and Pascrell.
Mr. Rogers. The Subcommittee on Management, Integration and
Oversight will come to order. Today we are holding a hearing to discuss the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center. This facility was established by the 9/11 Reform Act and is designed to combat terrorist travel.
The HSTC thus incrementally and logically has become a major resource for attacking the illicit travel sphere as a means of finding terrorists and constraining terrorist mobility; deterring and controlling the crimes of human trafficking and smuggling; and through those functions supporting immigration management and migrant safety.
The 9/11 Commission recognized that terrorist travel and crime control are inseparable because terrorist travel tactics intersect the illicit travel market that also services humansmugglers and traffickers and other criminals. The Commission therefore recommended that: ``The United States should combine terrorist travel intelligence, operations, and law enforcement in a strategy to intercept terrorists, find terrorist travel facilitators, and constrain terrorist mobility.''
It stated specifically that the small terrorist travel intelligence program was producing disproportionately useful results and should be expanded.
Continuing this bi-partisan concern about terrorist travel and the illicit market in travel services, Congress in Sections 7201-2 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act:
mandated a new terrorist travel strategy;required an assessment by the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center of US vulnerability to travel and immigration system exploitation; established the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center as a statutory entity; and directed that federal agencies report back to Congress on how to make the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center more effective in countering terrorist travel.
Congress enacted that legislation in December 2004. Over a year later, it is now an appropriate time to assess what has been and still must be done to make the HSTC an effective fusion center that provides a platform for a strong and coordinated US government attack on illicit travel by terrorists, human traffickers, and human smugglers.
HSTC: MISSION AND REQUIREMENTS
The vital homeland security mission of the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center is to counter these tactics, broadly speaking, in three fundamental ways including:
Facilitating broad dissemination of all-source information about the illicit travel market and its terrorist, human trafficker, and smuggler elements;
Preparing operational, tactical, and strategic assessments, with the emphasis on ongoing field support and an annual risk (threat and vulnerability) assessment for participating agencies and for Congress; and
Identifying issues for further joint attention.